PACA® Pictures

Where and for what purpose can PACA® be applied?

PACA® has been applied in cities and regions where between 50,000 and 400,000 people live. This included rural places as well as regions which host world-class industrial firms. PACA® is not suitable for application in cities or regions which are much larger; however, it is perfectly applicable, say, at the level of one part of a large city.

PACA® has been applied in two types of settings:

PACA® can be used to kick-off a local economic development initiative or to investigate why existing initiatives show little effect. It is less useful in places where various activities are underway which are based on a broad consensus, except if the local stakeholders feel that an external evaluation of their activities is desirable.

Outcomes of PACA® have been: